State v. Boone, 2013 S.C. App. Unpub. LEXIS 234 (SC Ct. App. 2013)
Court of Appeals of South Carolina
April 1, 2013, Heard; April 17, 2013, Filed
Unpublished Opinion No. 2013-UP-155
2013 S.C. App. Unpub. LEXIS 234
The State, Respondent, v. Andre Tayson Boone, Appellant.
Counsel: Chief Appellate Defender Robert Michael Dudek, of Columbia, for Appellant.Attorney General Alan McCrory Wilson, Chief Deputy Attorney General John W. McIntosh, Assistant Deputy Attorney General Donald J. Zelenka, Assistant Attorney General Melody Jane Brown, and Solicitor Warren B. Giese, all of Columbia, for Respondent.
Judges: SHORT, THOMAS, and PIEPER, JJ., concur.
PER CURIAM: Andre Boone appeals his conviction for murder, arguing the trial judge erred in instructing the jury on mutual combat because it shifted the burden and was inappropriate given the facts of the case. We affirm pursuant to Rule 220(b), SCACR, and the following authorities: State v. Freiburger, 366 S.C. 125, 134, 620 S.E.2d 737, 741 (2005) (holding an issue is not preserved for appeal where one ground is raised below and another ground is raised on appeal); State v. Condrey, 349 S.C. 184, 194, 562 S.E.2d 320, 325 (Ct. App. 2002) (stating the trial court’s duty is to give a requested instruction that correctly states the law applicable to the issues and is supported by the evidence); Jackson v. State, 355 S.C. 568, 571, 586 S.E.2d 562, 563 (2003) (“Mutual combat exists when there is ‘mutual intent and willingness to fight.'” (quoting State v. Graham, 260 S.C. 449, 450, 196 S.E.2d 495, 495 (1973))); id. (“Mutual intent is ‘manifested by the acts and conduct of the parties and the circumstances attending and leading up to the combat.'”); State v. Taylor, 356 S.C. 227, 235, 589 S.E.2d 1, 5 (2003) (“The mutual combat doctrine is triggered when both parties contribute to the resulting fight.”); id. at 232, 589 S.E.2d at 3 (“Whether or not mutual combat exists is significant because ‘the plea of self-defense is not available to one who kills another in mutual combat.'” (quoting Graham, 260 S.C. at 450, 196 S.E.2d at 495)); Graham, 260 S.C. at 451, 196 S.E.2d at 496 (finding a mutual combat charge was proper where appellant and deceased had quarreled prior to the killing, each knew that the other was armed with a pistol, and each fired his gun at the other); State v. Mathis, 174 S.C. 344, 348, 177 S.E. 318, 319 (1934) (holding there was no error in charging and arguing the law of mutual combat because there was testimony the appellant and the deceased were on the lookout for each other; were armed in anticipation of a combat; each drew his pistol; and each fired upon the other); State v. Porter, 269 S.C. 618, 622-23, 239 S.E.2d 641, 643 (1977) (finding a mutual combat charge was proper when there was evidence the defendant had returned with a gun to one victim’s property at least twice in spite of prior verbal abuse, threats, and gunshots); State v. Mattison, 388 S.C. 469, 479, 697 S.E.2d 578, 583 (2010) (providing the court’s refusal to give a requested jury charge must be both erroneous and prejudicial to the defendant to warrant reversal); State v. Buckner, 341 S.C. 241, 247, 534 S.E.2d 15, 18 (Ct. App. 2000) (“[I]n determining whether the error was harmless, we must determine beyond a reasonable doubt that the error complained of did not contribute to the verdict.”); State v. Dickey, 394 S.C. 491, 499, 716 S.E.2d 97, 101 (2011) (“A person is justified in using deadly force in self-defense when: (1) [t]he defendant was without fault in bringing on the difficulty; (2) [t]he defendant . . . actually believed he was in imminent danger of losing his life or sustaining serious bodily injury, or he actually was in such imminent danger; (3) [i]f the defense is based upon the defendant’s actual belief of imminent danger, a reasonable prudent man of ordinary firmness and courage would have entertained the same belief . . . ; and (4) [t]he defendant had no other probable means of avoiding the danger of losing his own life or sustaining serious bodily injury than to act as he did in this particular instance.”).
SHORT, THOMAS, and PIEPER, JJ., concur.