Iowa J.I. Crim. § 400.15 (2018)

Iowa Criminal Jury Instructions


400.15 Provocation – Withdrawal From Combat

Concerning element number _____ of Instruction No._______, though a person who provokes the use of force against [himself] [herself] is not justified, there is an exception.

If you find the defendant provoked the use of force by (name of victim), but the defendant, in good faith, withdrew from physical contact with (name of victim) and clearly indicated to (name of victim) that [he] [she] desired to end the fight, but (name of victim) continued or resumed the fight, then the defendant was justified.