TITLE 13A Criminal Code
CHAPTER 6 Offenses Involving Danger to the Person
Article 1 Homicide
§ 13A-6-1. Definitions.
(a) As used in Article 1 and Article 2, the following terms shall have the meanings ascribed to them by this section:
(1) Criminal homicide. — Murder, manslaughter, or criminally negligent homicide.
(2) Homicide. — A person commits criminal homicide if he intentionally, knowingly, recklessly or with criminal negligence causes the death of another person.
(3) Person. — The term, when referring to the victim of a criminal homicide or assault, means a human being, including an unborn child in utero at any stage of development, regardless of viability.
(b) Article 1 or Article 2 shall not apply to the death or injury to an unborn child alleged to be caused by medication or medical care or treatment provided to a pregnant woman when performed by a physician or other licensed health care provider.
Mistake, or unintentional error on the part of a licensed physician or other licensed health care provider or his or her employee or agent or any person acting on behalf of the patient shall not subject the licensed physician or other licensed health care provider or person acting on behalf of the patient to any criminal liability under this section.
Medical care or treatment includes, but is not limited to, ordering, dispensation or administration of prescribed medications and medical procedures.
(c) A victim of domestic violence or sexual assault may not be charged under Article 1 or Article 2 for the injury or death of an unborn child caused by a crime of domestic violence or rape perpetrated upon her.
(d) Nothing in Article 1 or Article 2 shall permit the prosecution of (1) any person for conduct relating to an abortion for which the consent of the pregnant woman or a person authorized by law to act on her behalf has been obtained or for which consent is implied by law or (2) any woman with respect to her unborn child.
(e) Nothing in this section shall make it a crime to perform or obtain an abortion that is otherwise legal. Nothing in this section shall be construed to make an abortion legal which is not otherwise authorized by law.