Vermont Jury Instructions
VT CR07-091. THE AGGRESSOR AND SELF-DEFENSE OR DEFENSE OF ANOTHER
If, however, the State has proven beyond a reasonable doubt that (Def)_______________ was the aggressor in this confrontation, then you may not find that (Def)_______________ acted in lawful [self defense] [defense of another]. An aggressor is one who:
(1) started the confrontation by first using force or the threat of immediate use of force, and
(2) did not regain the right of [self defense] [defense of another] by effectively withdrawing from the confrontation.
To have effectively withdrawn from the confrontation, (Def)_______________ must have made reasonable efforts under the circumstances to notify (victim)_______________, by word and by deed, that [he] [she] was withdrawing.