Iowa J.I. Crim. § 400.11 (2018)

Iowa Criminal Jury Instructions


400.11 Words Of Provocation

No matter how insulting the words used by (name of victim), they will not in and of themselves justify the use of force by the defendant.

However, words of a provocative and insulting nature may be considered, together with all of the other evidence, to determine who started the incident and whether the defendant’s apprehension of danger was reasonable.