KY 500.080 Definitions for Kentucky Penal Code.

State: Kentucky

As used in the Kentucky Penal Code, unless the context otherwise requires:

(1) “Actor” means any natural person and, where relevant, a corporation or an unincorporated association;

(2) “Crime” means a misdemeanor or a felony;

(3) “Dangerous instrument” means any instrument, including parts of the human body when a serious physical injury is a direct result of the use of that part of the human body, article, or substance which, under the circumstances in which it is used, attempted to be used, or threatened to be used, is readily capable of causing death or serious physical injury;

(4) “Deadly weapon” means any of the following:

(a) A weapon of mass destruction;

(b) Any weapon from which a shot, readily capable of producing death or other serious physical injury, may be discharged;

(c) Any knife other than an ordinary pocket knife or hunting knife;

(d) Billy, nightstick, or club;

(e) Blackjack or slapjack;

(f) Nunchaku karate sticks;

(g) Shuriken or death star; or

(h) Artificial knuckles made from metal, plastic, or other similar hard material;

(5) “Felony” means an offense for which a sentence to a term of imprisonment of at least one (1) year in the custody of the Department of Corrections may be imposed;

(6) “Government” means the United States, any state, county, municipality, or other political unit, or any department, agency, or subdivision of any of the foregoing, or any corporation or other association carrying out the functions of government;

(7) “He” means any natural person and, where relevant, a corporation or an unincorporated association;

(8) “Law” includes statutes, ordinances, and properly adopted regulatory provisions. Unless the context otherwise clearly requires, “law” also includes the common law;

(9) “Minor” means any person who has not reached the age of majority as defined in KRS 2.015;

(10) “Misdemeanor” means an offense, other than a traffic infraction, for which a sentence to a term of imprisonment of not more than twelve (12) months can be imposed;

(11) “Offense” means conduct for which a sentence to a term of imprisonment or to a fine is provided by any law of this state or by any law, local law, or ordinance of a political subdivision of this state or by any law, order, rule, or regulation of any governmental instrumentality authorized by law to adopt the same;

(12) “Person” means a human being, and where appropriate, a public or private corporation, an unincorporated association, a partnership, a government, or a governmental authority;

(13) “Physical injury” means substantial physical pain or any impairment of physical condition;

(14) “Possession” means to have actual physical possession or otherwise to exercise actual dominion or control over a tangible object;

(15) “Serious physical injury” means physical injury which creates a substantial risk of death, or which causes serious and prolonged disfigurement, prolonged impairment of health, or prolonged loss or impairment of the function of any bodily organ;

(16) “Unlawful” means contrary to law or, where the context so requires, not permitted by law. It does not mean wrongful or immoral;

(17) “Violation” means an offense, other than a traffic infraction, for which a sentence to a fine only can be imposed; and

(18) “Weapon of mass destruction” means:

(a) Any destructive device as defined in KRS 237.030, but not fireworks as defined in KRS 227.700;

(b) Any weapon that is designed or intended to cause death or serious physical injury through the release, dissemination, or impact of toxic or poisonous chemicals or their precursors;

(c) Any weapon involving a disease organism; or

(d) Any weapon that is designed to release radiation or radioactivity at a level dangerous to human life.