CA 3477. Presumption That Resident Was Reasonably Afraid of Death or Great Bodily Injury

CA 3477. Presumption That Resident Was Reasonably Afraid of Death or Great Bodily Injury

State: California

California Criminal Jury Instructions (CALCRIM 2017)

CA 3477. Presumption That Resident Was Reasonably Afraid of Death or Great Bodily Injury [PC §198.5]

The law presumes that the defendant reasonably feared imminent death or great bodily injury to (himself/herself)[, or to a member of (his/her) family or household,] if:

1. An intruder unlawfully and forcibly (entered/ [or] was entering) the defendant’s home;

2. The defendant knew [or reasonably believed] that an intruder unlawfully and forcibly (entered/ [or] was entering) the defendant’s home;

3. The intruder was not a member of the defendant’s household or family;

AND

4. The defendant used force intended to or likely to cause death or great bodily injury to the intruder inside the home.

[Great bodily injury means significant or substantial physical injury. It is an injury that is greater than minor or moderate harm.]

The People have the burden of overcoming this presumption. This means that the People must prove that the defendant did not have a reasonable fear of imminent death or injury to (himself/herself)[, or to a member of his or her family or household,] when (he/she) used force against the intruder. If the People have not met this burden, you must find the defendant reasonably feared death or injury to (himself/herself)[, or to a member of his or her family or household].

New January 2006; Revised March 2017

By | 2018-02-13T13:21:46+00:00 February 26th, 2013|Comments Off on CA 3477. Presumption That Resident Was Reasonably Afraid of Death or Great Bodily Injury